Table of Contents

Check out all of USAFacts' findings →

TABLE OF CONTENTS

WELCOME

Welcome to the USAFacts 2019 Annual Report

Download the 2019 Annual Report

Table of Contents

Letter to Our Readers

We The People

Big Things Happened in 2018

POPULATION

Our Population Has Grown by 100 Million People Since 1980, But Growth is Slowing

More Americans Are Living Alone, and Fewer Have Kids

One In Five Residents In Florida, Maine, and Puerto Rico Is Elderly (Over Age 65)

GOVERNMENT FINANCES

Government Spending Has Exceeded Revenue in All But Six Years Since 1980

Government Tax Revenue Per Capita Increased 54% Since 1980, After Adjusting For Inflation

Government Spending Per Capita Increased 65% in Real Terms Since 1980

Revenue 2016 vs. 1980

2016 Government Spending Was $5.9 Trillion

1980 Government Spending: $833 Billion

Nearly Half of Government Spending Supports the Elderly or Disadvantaged as Either a Cash Transfer or a Subsidy for a Service on Their Behalf

State and Local Revenue Make Up Just Over OneThird (35.3%) of All Government Revenue

The Federal Government Transferred $661 Billion In Grants to State and Local Governments In 2016

45% of Government Spending Is From State & Local Governments

Some States Spend Twice as Much Per Capita Compared to Their Counterparts

ECONOMY AND BUSINESS

The Economy Grew Steadily In 2018

Results of Economic Growth Differ by Industry

The Trade Deficit Is Expanding

THE STANDARD OF LIVING OF AMERICANS

Including Government Transfers, Total Income Has Gone Up for Families Since 2000

Employment is on the Rise Among Elderly (65+) and Non-White Populations

The Distribution of Wages Varies By State

Health and Housing are the Largest Spending Categories for all Families

Americans Increasingly Have Access to Retirement Benefits

Government Spending on Retirement Programs is on the Rise

SUPPORTING THE DISADVANTAGED

Government Programs for the Disadvantaged are Reaching More People

Poverty Rates are Decreasing, But They are Not Equal Across Races, Family Types, or Age Groups

13 Million Children, Nearly 1 in 6, are in Poverty

EDUCATING OUR NATION

Education Spending Continues to Increase, While 1 in 3 Eighth-Graders are Proficient in Math and Reading

Higher Education is Getting More Expensive, and Students are Sharing More of the Burden

HEALTH

National Spending on Personal Health Care Reached $9,107 Per Person, Up 221% Since 1980 After Adjusting for Inflation

Government Health Insurance Programs Cost More Than Private Insurance, But the Cost of Private Insurance is Rising Faster

Opioid Deaths Increased 121% in the Last Five Years, But Deaths From Cocaine and Methamphetamines are Increasing Faster

Despite Increasing Health Care Costs, Health Outcomes are Showing Limited Improvement

CRIME AND INCARCERATION

Violent and Property Crime Rates Have Fallen, But Drug Abuse Arrests Have Grown

The Correctional Population Has Outpaced Population Growth By a Factor of 6

Firearm Deaths Make Up 1% of All Deaths But Grew Faster Than the Population Since 2014

MILITARY, FOREIGN AID, AND IMMIGRATION

The US Military Presence Is Shrinking Abroad

Veterans Have Higher Employment and Wages Compared to General Public

In 2017, the US Spent Less Than 1% of Its Budget on Foreign Aid

14% of Residents Are Born Outside the US, Returning to Historic Levels

TRANSPORTATION, INFRASTRUCTURE, ENERGY, AND NATURAL DISASTERS

People Are Traveling Farther, With Fewer Fatalities

Americans Drive Solo to Work, Despite Long Delays and Rough Roads

Energy Use Per Capita Has Decreased, with Transportation Replacing Power as the Leading Producer of Greenhouse Gas Emissions

The US Is Diversifying Its Power Supply and Becoming More Energy-Independent

We are Experiencing More Fire and Severe Storm Declarations, While Hurricanes Remain the Deadliest and Most Costly Natural Disasters

SOURCES

USAFacts 2019 Annual Report


This document was created and published by USAFacts Institute, a Delaware nonprofit, nonstock corporation (“USAFacts”).

USAFacts trademarks: The USAFacts name and USAFacts-branded logos, seals and related marks are legally protected trademarks/design marks of USAFacts. USAFacts reserves all rights in such marks. You are not authorized to use the trademarks, seals, or logos of USAFacts.

Facts, figures and US Government reports: The facts, figures, and United States government reports cited or quoted on this document are not subject to copyright or other intellectual property right protections in the United States. The purpose of this document is to make such information available to all people, and USAFacts encourages you to use this information for education, analysis and discussion regarding government activities.

Original content: The particular way ideas, facts, or figures are expressed in this document (including text, photographs, images, illustrations, graphics, and the selection, coordination and arrangement of such materials) (hereafter, “Original Content”) is the intellectual property of USAFacts protected by copyrights and similar rights. USAFacts grants you a license to use Original Content under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 (or higher) International Public License (the “CC BY-SA 4.0 License”). See, https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/4.0/

No endorsement: The CC BY-SA 4.0 License requires, among other things, that anyone using Original Content give “attribution” to USAFacts. Original Content should be cited by reference to this document’s name and the specific pages in this document on which such Original Content is found. When you attribute Original Content to USAFacts, you are not permitted to suggest or imply that USAFacts in any way endorses or supports your particular use of such Original Content unless USAFacts gives you express written permission to do so. Furthermore, if USAFacts requests that you remove any attribution identifying USAFacts or this document, you must do so as soon as possible.

Disclaimer of warranties: USAFacts does not guarantee the accuracy of information found in this document and you agree that if you rely upon such information you do so at your own risk. You should double-check all government data referenced on this document by examining all sources cited. 

Next: Letter to Our Readers